Discipline Geology
LevelAdvanced
Duration5 Days
Delivery Mechanism Classroom
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PetroMod Advanced Topics

This course teaches the PetroMod* petroleum systems modeling workflows needed to build more sophisticated models. The course combines lectures on key aspects of petroleum systems modeling with a wide selection of practical software exercises.

This class covers a number of elective components in the PetroMod Education Services offering. Students successfully completing this course will be able to handle the most advanced challenges when building a petroleum systems model.

Please note that the total content available comprises 10 days of training grouped into 7 elective module packages. Each package is further subdivided into smaller modules. Practical experience has shown that the topics of interest vary widely by company and by the types of projects in which participants are engaged.

The available elective modules packages are:

  • Model Construction Techniques
  • Modeling in Structurally Complicated Geological Environments
  • PetroMod Salt Modeling
  • Advanced Thermal Calibration
  • Fluid Properties and Petroleum Migration
  • Special Situations – Gas Hydrates and Biodegradation
  • Advanced Simulator Features

 

The Advanced Topics class usually is customized to suit individual companies or groups of users. You are encouraged to select elective module packages of interest and to build a 5 day class. However, the class is flexible; both elective module packages and individual modules may be selected to form a custom class, which can be delivered in a timeframe lasting anywhere from 3 to 10 days.

For further details, discuss your requirements with your account manager, local NExT representative, or other local SIS representative.

  • Agenda
  • Topics
  • Audience
  • Prerequisites
  • Agenda

    Day 1

    Model Construction Techniques (0.5 Day)

    3D modeling requires several additional maps to construct a model (facies, TOC, HI, etc.). Students need to be aware of these maps and different tools can be used to load or create them. Some areas can be further refined in the model with high resolution (local grid refinement) techniques. 

    • Map Editing (0.25 Day): Map Editor interface, importing maps, how to smooth a map, how to fill a hole in a map, how to change the grid resolution of a map, how to make all maps the same size, how to convert units for a depth map, how to correct intersections
    • Local Grid Refinement (LGR) (0.25 Day): Introduction to local grid refinement, workflows, LGR model analysis and implication

     

    Day 2

    Modeling in Structurally Complicated Geological Environments (3.0 Days)

    Sediment space is primarily created by structurally and thermally induced subsidence. The structural evolution of sedimentary basins controls sediment deposition and forms structural traps and pathways for hydrocarbons. The timing of structural activity during petroleum system development, therefore, is critical for exploration success. You will learn how to handle erosion events and paleo geometries, and how to incorporate structurally restored paleosections into your models.

    • Erosional Modeling (0.5 Day): Introduction, building erosion models in PetroMod 2D; with multilayer erosion, erosion and deposition at the same time, building erosion models in PetroMod 3D; multi-layer erosion, multiple erosion of a single layer
    • Fault Geometry through Time (0.5 Day): Gridding in PetroMod, why the pre-faulted layer geometries need to be edited, editing fault geometries in simulation preview

     

    Day 3

    Modeling in Structurally Complicated Geological Environments (3.0 Days)

    • Advance Fault Properties (0.5 Day): Theory of fault modeling in PetroMod, assign fault properties in PetroMod, fault migration methods in PetroMod, charge analysis and fault properties
    • 1D Thrusting (0.5 Days): Introduction of the concept, project set up, model building of thrust and paleo models, the thrusting tool, simulation preview, simulation, analyze the output

     

    Day 4

    Modeling in Structurally Complicated Geological Environments (3.0 Days)

    • 2D TecLink Model (1 Day): Import the restored paleosections, assign the ages, create the blocks, define and assign the blocks, grid each paleosection, define and assign the facies, assign the faults, simulate the model, calibrate the model

     

    Day 5

    PetroMod Salt Modeling (2 Days)

    Timing of salt movement in a sedimentary basin is of exceptional importance for HC maturation. Students will learn how to use the Salt Tectonics table and the Facies Piercing tool to build up a geologically consistent basin model in the presence of salt tectonics.

    • 2D Salt Modeling (1 Day): Theory, introduction to salt modeling in PetroMod, interpreting the structure: timing of salt tectonics, editing initial geometry, age assignment table, gridded model, facies definition and assignment, salt tectonics and facies piercing tools, improve the geometry of the simulated model

     

    Day 6

    PetroMod Salt Modeling (2 Days)

    • 3D Salt Modeling (1 Day): Analyze the geological model and structures within a chronostratigraphic framework, edit the geometries to start the model building workflow, sub-layering, facies definition and assignment, salt tectonics and facies piercing tool

     

    Day 7

    Advanced Thermal Calibration (1.5 Days)

    Basin models need to be thermally calibrated to have a predictive value. In addition to the classic workflow for thermal calibration, you will be introduced to sophisticated tools adapted to particular geological settings.

    • Heat flow (0.3 Day): Heat flow calibration workflow, analysis of the generated heat flow maps, and QC with the calibration data in 3D
    • Crustal heat flow (0.3 Day): Introduction and theory, heat flow tools with three different methods; heat flow trend from McKenzie model, heat flow maps from McKenzie Crustal model, crustal layer model
    • Heat flow calibration with the use of PetroRisk tool (0.4 Day)
    • Igneous intrusion (0.5 Day): Introduction, igneous intrusion setup in PetroMod, preparation of your model for simulation, charge analysis and igneous intrusion

     

    Day 8

    Fluid Properties and Petroleum Migration (1 Day)

    Understanding the fluid properties and the migration concepts is a key element to de-risk prospects. Multiple migration methods and kinetic models are available in PetroMod. You need to comprehend and apply the correct settings to have meaningful results.

    • PetroMod Migration Modeling and HC Property Calibration (1 Day): Migration concepts; petroleum generation, migration drivers and controlling factors, Darcy flow, flow path migration method, inversion percolation migration method, hybrid and combined IP-Darcy migration methods, output analysis; PetroMod Viewer 3D, PetroReport, PetroCharge Express; PetroFlash and component calibration; binary mixtures and symmetrical black oil (sbo), equations of state, flash calculations, petroleum quality and PVT calibration

     

    Day 9

    Special Situations – Gas Hydrates and Biodegradation (1 Day)

    Gas Hydrates form under specific temperature and pressure conditions. Biodegradation is largely temperature controlled and may significantly impact reservoir hydrocarbon quality. Both situations can by modeled using PetroMod. You will learn how to handle these two specific situations in your models.

    • Gas Hydrates (0.5 Day): Introduction and theory, workflows and settings to model gas hydrates, gas hydrate modeling in offshore basins, additional options to handle gas hydrates via editors; phase, lithology, kinetic, PVT Editor, demo: gas hydrates in off-shore basin
    • Biodegradation (0.5 Day): Background theory, biodegradation in PetroMod, charge analysis and biodegradation

     

    Day 10

    Advanced Simulator Features (1 Day)

    PetroMod can incorporate 3D poro-elastic stress-strain calculations into the simulation, impacting compaction and pressure calculations. Using the geomechanics capabilities can lead to improved pore pressure prediction in complex geology, for example, around salt or in the presence of significant model boundary deformation. PetroMod also can provide predictions for fault properties, the likelihood of shear failure (fractures), and the direction of failure planes.

                  

    You will learn how to set up the required lithology and model parameters and to evaluate the results.

  • Topics

    This class covers a number of elective components in the PetroMod Education Services offering.

    The available elective modules packages are:

    1. Model Construction Techniques
    2. Modeling in Structurally Complicated Geological Environments
    3. PetroMod Salt Modeling
    4. Advanced Thermal Calibration
    5. Fluid Properties and Petroleum Migration
    6. Special Situations – Gas Hydrates and Biodegradation
    7. Advanced Simulator Features

     

  • Audience

     

    Geologists, basin and petroleum system modelers, and technical personnel with prior experience using PetroMod.

  • Prerequisites

    PetroMod Fundamentals course, OG-SW1-SIS10780, or significant experience using PetroMod software. Attending PetroMod Applied Petroleum Systems Modeling Workflows course, OG-SW2-SIS15280, is suggested.

  • Prerequisites

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