Applied Carbonate Sequence Stratigraphy
This course focuses on Carbonate Sequence Stratigraphy with particular emphasis to practical application in Oil & Gas Exploration and Development.
- Why carbonates are important to the oil industry
- Why carbonates differ from siliciclastics
- Basic controls on carbonate sedimentation and mixed clastic-carbonate systems
- Carbonate systems and platform-types – basic facies patterns
- Evolutionary controls on carbonate depositional systems through the Tertiary.
- Introduction to sequence stratigraphy of carbonate systems
- Case studies: examples of different types of carbonate reservoirs
- Sequence stratigraphy vs lithostratigraphy
- Carbonate response to relative sea-level change – RST, LST, TST, HST systems
- Tectonic influences
- Controls on relative sea-level change
- Climatic influences - Icehouse/greenhouse climates
- Principles of high-resolution sequence stratigraphy and cyclicity in carbonates, concepts of stacking patterns, Fischer plots
- Seismic recognition of carbonate systems
- Seismic sequence stratigraphy of carbonates
- Seismic geometry and geomorphology of carbonate systems
- Interpretation of carbonate sequences from wireline logs – including FMI logs
- Diagenetic processes & models
- Diagenetic techniques and applications of diagenetic studies in reservoir description.
- Diagenesis exercise
- Carbonate micropore systems
- Carbonate matrix pore systems
- Carbonate macropore systems - karst, brecciated and fracture systems.
- Controls on the layering of pore systems in carbonates
- Porosity-permeability exercise
- Principles of geomodelling of carbonate reservoirs.
- Objectives and work flows for describing carbonate reservoirs
- Flow units in carbonate reservoirs
- Conceptual geological models
- Selection of appropriate analogue models for carbonate reservoirs - modern carbonate systems; dimensions of carbonate bodies
- Heterogeneities of carbonate systems; scale and origin
- Role of outcrop studies in reservoir geomodelling
- Porosity and permeability modelling – pore typing and defining flow units
- Petrophysical modelling of carbonates
Oil and Gas Geoscientists who wish to learn more about interpretation of Carbonate reservoirs
Basic understanding of Geology