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    Basic First Aid, CPR and AED

    Course Objective

    • Emergencies can occur by any means, whether it is the workplace or at home.
    • Medical emergencies oftentimes are drastic, require immediate and safe intervention, and quick access to emergency services.
    • All individuals in any scenario require first aid skills to effectively understand the medical emergency at hand by identifying it effectively, providing concise and adequate information needed for the emergency services, and assessing their knowledge to perform the specific first aid techniques needed for that scenario to preserve life, prevent the condition from worsening, and promoting recovery.
    • Workers must also establish the extent of their knowledge from this course, as a medical intervention without interruption is critical to saving injured personnel.
    • Learners shall also be stressed to follow hygiene and health procedures during and after treatment.
    The following points shall be discussed in the course:
    • Identify the main hazards of the workplace which can lead to an emergency occurring.
    • Understand the importance of hygiene and health to know how to protect yourself from any disease.
    • Identify the differences between the primary and secondary surveys.
    • Identify the adequate response for the primary and secondary survey.
    • Demonstrate and know how to perform resuscitation techniques such as CAB, CPR, and AED.
    • Demonstrate and know how to assist someone who is actively choking and how to help yourself.
    • Understand the differences between external and internal bleeding.
    • Know how to stop external bleeding by using different methods depending on the severity of the blood loss.
    • Identify internal bleeding and how to stop it.
    • Identify what shock is, the causes of shock, and how to stop its progression. 
    • How to identify and treat Diabetic Emergencies
    • Distinguish between heat exhaustion and heat stroke and how to prevent its progression.
    • Identify Neck and Spinal Cord injuries and how to prevent their progression.
    • How to lift the person away from a dangerous area if they have neck and spinal cord injuries.

    Day 1

    Session 1 - CourseIntroduction  
    Session 2 – The Purposeof Saving Lives

    • Definitionof First Aid
    • Understandingthe importance of First Aid
    • The3P’s of First Aid (Preserve Life, Prevent the Condition from Worsening, andPromote Recovery).
    • Contentsof the First Aid Kit in the workplace.
    • Understandthe importance of knowing where first aid stations are in the workplace.
    • Howthe first aider should prioritize their own safety before performing any firstaid techniques.
    • The importance of hygiene and sanitation in the scene.
    • Howto remove waste safely without risk of infection or contamination of the scene
    Session 3 –Practical Session
    • Show the workers the contents ofthe first aid kit while demonstrating the correct usage of Personal ProtectiveEquipment, PPE, to prevent infection and promote sanitation of the Scene.
    Session 4- Checking for Response
    • The signs of life
    • What is a pulse?
    • Where to check for a pulse?
    • Defining Hypoperfusion, or shock,and how it can occur.
    Session 5 – Assessing the Scene
    • TheImportance of the 3P’s during any first aid response.
    • Behaviorduring an Emergency
    • ThePrimary Survey and the steps needed to inform the ambulance.
    • Thedifference between History, Symptoms, and Signs.
    • Medicalemergencies to prioritize during the primary survey.
    • Thedifference between the primary and secondary survey.
    • TheSecondary Survey and how to maintain the patient’s response
    • Therecovery position.
     Session6 – Practical Session
    • Twoscenarios will be provided where the trainees will distinguish between anemergency in which the primary survey is required and another scenario in whichthe secondary survey is required.
    Session 7 – Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and theAutomatic External Defibrillator (AED)
    • When should a first aider use CPR.
    • The steps to CPR by using C-A-B(Circulation, Compression, Airway, and Rescue Breaths)
    • How to correctly perform chestcompressions
    • How to correctly open the airway
    • How to correctly perform rescuebreath.
    • The importance of repeating theCPR Process in saving a person’s life.
    • Understanding the functions of theAED.
    • Precautions before using the AED.
    • How to correctly place the AEDpads.
    • How to use it alongside CPR tosave the person’s life
    Session 8- Practical Session
    • Trainees will use a full bodymannequin to perform CPR and AED.
    Session 9 – Choking
    • Definition of Choking
    • Define the differences betweenopen and obstructed airways.
    • The warning signs of choking
    • The symptoms and signs of theprogression of choking
    • The Heimlich Maneuver
    • The Self-Heimlich Maneuver
    Session 10 – Practical Session
    • Trainees will demonstrate theHeimlich Maneuver on others and on themselves.

    Day 2

    Session 11 – Bleeding

    • Scenarios in theworkplace can lead to excessive bleeding.
    • Identify the different types of external bleeding.
    • Understand the difference between internal and externalbleeding.
    • The steps needed to prevent bleeding.
    • The usage and application of the torniquet.
    • How to prevent the progression of internal bleeding.
    • How to stop nosebleeds.
    Session 12 – Practical Scenario
    • The trainees will demonstrate the application of bandagesto an injury site and how to effectively tie a torniquet and apply it inserious injuries.
    Session 13 – Shock
    •  Definition of shock.
    • Identify the different types of shock.
    • How shock affects the entire body.
    • How a medical emergency can be worsened by shock.
    • How to treat shock.
    Session 14 – Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke
    • Define Heat Exhaustion
    • Identify the symptoms and signs of Heat Exhaustion
    • Treatment and prevention of progression of HeatExhaustion
    • Define Heat Stroke
    • Identify the main differences in symptoms and signs ofheat exhaustion and heat stroke
    • Treatment of Heat Stroke
    Session 15 – Diabetic Emergencies
    •  Identify the workplace scenarios which can lead todiabetic emergencies.
    • Identify the medical conditions which can lead todiabetic emergencies.
    • Differentiate between Hyperglycemia and Hypoglycemia.
    • Symptoms and Signs of Hyperglycemia and correlation with a medical history, if possible.
    • Treatment of Hyperglycemia
    • Symptoms and Signs of Hypoglycemia and correlation withmedical history, if possible.
    • Treatment of Hypoglycemia
    Session 16 – Neck and Spinal Cord Injuries
    • Identify the workplace scenarios which can lead to neckand spinal cord injuries.
    • How to effectively identify the places in which theparalysis may have spread.
    • The importance of not moving the patient unlessnecessary.
    • How to effectively prevent the spread of paralysis.
    Session 17 – Practical Session
    • Trainees will demonstrate adequate lifting techniques tomove a neck and spinal cord injured patient from one place to another withoutincreasing their risk of permanent paralysis.

    This course is suitable for all individuals.

    • Definition of First Aid
    • Importance of First Aid
    • The importance of surveying an emergency scene.
    • Emergency Scenarios and adequate response for each injury.

    Not Required

    Currently there are no scheduled classes for this course.

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