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Oil & Gas Training
and Competency Development
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    Oil and Gas Training Courses SLB NEXT

    Crude Oil Fundamentals

    This course provide introduction to several surfaceproduction processes which include fluid characterization, fluid flow, crudeoil treatment, gas treatment and safeguarding. Several software will be used inthe exercises during the course

    • Pre-test

    • Petroleumfluid properties and phase behavior

      Chemistry of petroleum
      Petroleum reservoir fluids
      Plus fraction concept
      Phase behavior and envelopes
      Crude oil properties
      Methods determining the properties
      Use of software: Componentsselection, fluid characterization, fluid package and transport properties, andthermodynamic selection
    • Sand control
      Consequences of sand production
      Technologies used in subsurface tocontrol sand
      Technologies used in surface to controlsand
      Sand monitoring Fluid of flow
    • Single phase: Liquid and Gas
      Equations
      Hydraulic analysis
      Thermal analysis
      Use of Pipesim

    • Multiphase flow

      Multiphase flow fundamentals (flowregimes, pressure gradients, liquid holdup)
      Development of mechanistic modelsDiscussion of the best models to use
      Discussion of the accuracy of the bestmodels
      Discussion of the most difficultprediction areas
      Hydraulic analysis
      Thermal analysis
      Use of Pipesim
    • Flowassurances

    Hydrate: Mechanism of formation andmitigation strategies
    Wax: Mechanism of formation andmitigation strategies
    Asphaltene: Mechanism of formation andmitigation strategies
    Use of Pipesim

    • Gasliquid separation
    Classification of oil separators
    Primary functions of oil separators
    Secondary functions of oil and gasseparators
    Separation stages
    VLE and thermodynamic principles
    Methods used to remove gas from oil inseparators
    Two phase separators (Horizontal andvertical separator)
    Three phase separators (Horizontal andvertical separator)
    Separator internals
    Design
    Selection

    • Oildehydration and desalting
    Emulsion
    Emulsion formation
    Emulsion stability
    Emulsion destabilization
    Dehydration’
    Dehydration processes and equipment
    Physical Plant Equipment (Basic PIDReview of all included plants) 
    Design and sizing calculations
    Applications
    Instrumentation(Monitoring Key Variables)
    • Crude Oil Desalting

    Oil desalting principles

    Equipment and technology

    Desalting Electrostatic theory

    Operation and design considerations

    Instrumentation (Monitoring KeyVariables)

    • Crude Oil Stabilization and Sweetening

    Vapor pressure fundamentals

    Sour and sweet oil concepts

    Safety, operation and designconsiderations

    Process configuration. Use of software

    • Metering system

    Flow meters

    Back allocation

    Fiscalization

    • Gas Processing andGas conditioning (using software)

    Gas dehydration processes

    Gas sweetening processes

    NGL extraction processes

    • Compression andpumping (Use of software)

    Crude oil pumping system

    Type of pumps

    Performance curves

    Design and selection

    Gas compression

    Type of compressor

    Thermodynamic or Compression

    Estimation of the thermodynamicproperties

    Flow diagram to prepare compressionstages

    Simulation of pipelines

    • Safeguardingsystem: Blowdown, relief valve

    Shutdown system

    Pressure relieves

    General

    Depressurization

    Relief and venting

    Flaring

    Cold Flare

    Cold vent

    Facilities Engineers, Process Engineers, Operation Engineers.

    Petroleum fluid properties and phase behavior

    Sand control

    Fluid flow

    Flow assurance

    Gas-liquid separation

    Crude oil treatment

    Gas processing and conditioning

    Compression and pumping system

    Safeguarding system


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