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    Oil and Gas Training Courses SLB NEXT

    Defensive Driving - Heavy Vehicles

    Course Objective

    • Drivers to the Transport regulations and the characteristics of the Heavy vehicle.  And for the driver to demonstrate safe driving techniques, in the use of and handling of the Heavy Vehicle. The aim is to increase their knowledge and understanding of road safety, to prepare them to react in the best possible way when faced with unexpected situations, and to become more aware of other road users.
    The following points shall be discussed in the course:
    • Qualities of a good driver
    • Knowledge of vehicle control 
    • Response to controls 
    • Pre-Driving Checks
    • Holding Steering Wheel
    • Gear Changing
    • Beginning to Drive
    • Manoeuvres 
    • Stopping 
    • Stopping Distance 
    • Following Distance 
    • Identification, prediction, decision, and execution (IPDE) Principle
    • Defensive Driving Techniques
    • Night Driving
    • Hill Driving
    • Emergency Manoeuvres
    • Driving under special conditions 
    • Towing
    • Traffic Education
    • Practical Heavy Vehicle Driving Practice 
    • Vehicle Maintenance 
    • First Aid
    Activities
    • Classroom with Theoretical and Practical Implementation

    Day 1 

    Session 1 - Course Introduction  
    Session 2 – Qualities of a good driver

    • Patience, responsibility, self-confidence, anticipation, concentration, courtesy, defensive driving knowledge of road rules/regulations, knowledge of vehicle controls, maintained and simple mechanism.
    Session 3 – Knowledge of Vehicle Control 
    • Major Controls 
    • Minor Controls
    Session 4 – Response to controls 
    • Accelerator 
    • Brake – Gradual/Sudden/Sudden Fierce
    • Clutch and Steering 
    Session 5 – Holding Steering Wheel  
    • Push and pull method practice
    • On the move, while gear changing 
    • While turning, while using the horn 
    • Operating dash board switches 
    • Signaling during the emergency 
    Session 6 – Gear Changing 
    • Double de-clutching, importance and procedure single clutch 
    • Gear up procedure, shifting to lower gears 
    • Gear down procedure, shifting to higher gears 
    Session 7 – Beginning to drive 
    • First, Second, Third, and Fourth gear 
    • Fifth gear and Reverse Gear 
    Session 8 – Maneuvers 
    • Passing, Merging, Diverging, and Overtaking
    • Crossing, turning, cornering, reversing, and parking
    Session 9 – Stopping 
    • Normal Stopping, Emergency Stopping 
    • Use of engine brake/exhaust brake 
    Session 10 – Stopping Distance 
    • Distance between each car and the two-second rule 
    Session 11 –The IPDE Principle

    Day 2

    Session 12 – Defensive Driving Techniques 

    • Teaching trainees on how improper and reckless driving can lead to an increase in accidents.
    • The impact of being an aggressive driver or driving aggravating aggressive drivers increases the risk of accidents.
    • How obeying speed limits and transportation laws decreases the risk of accidents.
    • The importance of not changing lanes excessively to avoid accidents.
    Session 13 – Night Driving
    • Location of Head Light Switch
    • Procedure to drive at night 
    • Obligation to light the lamps, restriction on lighting the lamp
    Session 14 – Hill Driving
    • Starting in hill using the parking brake method 
    • Slipping the clutch 
    • Driving uphill
    Session 15 – Emergency Maneuvers 
    • Prevention is better than cure in case of skidding, horn struck Fire, wheels coming out, Brake failure, Broken stub axle, Burst of the front tire, Steering wobbling, Snapping of steering linkages, Jamming of the accelerator pedal, Snapping of the clutch rod, Under special circumstances like chances of collision with a disabled vehicle., Brake failure during downhill Sudden obstruction in front of the vehicle.
    Session 16 – Driving Under Special Conditions
    • Wet weather 
    • At dawn, dusk, and misty roads 
    • Dense Traffic 
    Session 17 – Towing (Trailer Driving)
    • Procedure 
    • On tow board 
    • Speed of towing 
    • Reversing and position the vehicle with trailers
    Session 18 – Fuel Saving Method 

    Session 19 – Traffic Education

    • Know your road:
    • Functional classification
    • Design speeds 
    • Road geometrics 
    • Surface types and characteristics 
    • Slopes and elevation 
    • Slight distance 
    • At bends 
    • At intersections  
    • Road junctions 
    • Principles and types, 
    • T junctions, 
    • Y junction 
    • 4- Arm junctions, 
    • Staggered junction, 
    • Controlled junctions
    • Uncontrolled junctions. 
    • Traffic islands
    • Types of roundabouts 
    • Channelizes, median 
    • Bye-pass, subway, over-bridge, and flyovers
    • Purpose 
    • Driving procedures
    • Bus stop, bus terminus, bus stand 
    • Ingress
    • Egress
    • Method
    • Road markings 
    • White line: continuous and broken 
    • Yellow line Lane marking
    • Zebra crossing, Stop line
    • Parking markings Sense of road signals
    • Lane selection and lane discipline 
    • Automatic light signals 
    • Road users characteristics 
    • Pedestrian, drunkards, children and blind, deaf and dumb Youth, aged women with children, Slow-moving vehicles Mopeds and motorcycles, Autos, tempos, vans Buses and trucks, VIP, ambulance, fire engine, Animals 
    • Accidents Types of accidents 
    • Causes of accidents,
    • Preventive methods Driver’s duties and responsibilities on the occurrence of accidents.
    Session 20 – Vehicle Maintenance
    • Factors affecting the vehicle parts due to bad and negligent driving 
    • General day-to-day maintenance and periodical maintenance. 
    • Battery 
    • Tire maintenance and tube vulcanizing 
    • Engine tune-up 
    • Checking wheel alignment 
    • Brake adjustment 
    • Accelerator, brake clutch-pedal adjustment
    • Fan belt adjustment 10 Observation of dash-board meters 
    • Lubrication 
    • Removal of airlock and oil block
    Session 21 – First Aid
    • Introduction to first-aid
    • Outline of first-aid 
    • Structure and function of the body 
    • Dressing and bandages 
    • The circulation of the blood
    • Wounds and hemorrhage
    • Hemorrhage from special regions
    • Shock 
    • Respiration. 
    • Injuries to bones
    • Burning scales 
    • Unconsciousness (insensibility)
    Session 22 – Heavy Vehicle Driving Practice
    • Demonstration of various instruments
    • Pre-Driving Checks
    • Beginning to drive
    • Rural road driving
    • Development of Judgement
    • Development of anticipation
    • Developing skills to drive in crowded streets

    Day 3

    Session 19 – Traffic Education

    • Know your road:
    • Functional classification
    • Design speeds 
    • Road geometrics 
    • Surface types and characteristics 
    • Slopes and elevation 
    • Slight distance 
    • At bends 
    • At intersections  
    • Road junctions 
    • Principles and types, 
    • T junctions, 
    • Y junction 
    • 4- Arm junctions, 
    • Staggered junction, 
    • Controlled junctions
    • Uncontrolled junctions. 
    • Traffic islands
    • Types of roundabouts 
    • Channelizes, median 
    • Bye-pass, subway, over-bridge, and flyovers
    • Purpose 
    • Driving procedures
    • Bus stop, bus terminus, bus stand 
    • Ingress
    • Egress
    • Method
    • Road markings 
    • White line: continuous and broken 
    • Yellow line Lane marking
    • Zebra crossing, Stop line
    • Parking markings Sense of road signals
    • Lane selection and lane discipline 
    • Automatic light signals 
    • Road users characteristics 
    • Pedestrian, drunkards, children and blind, deaf and dumb Youth, aged women with children,Slow-moving vehicles Mopeds and motor cycles , Autos , tempos, vans Buses and trucks , VIP, ambulance, fire engine, Animals 
    • Accidents Types of accidents 
    • Causes of accidents,
    • Preventive methods Driver’s duties and responsibilities on the occurrence of accidents.
    Session 20 – Vehicle Maintenance
    • Factors affecting the vehicle parts due to bad and negligent driving 
    • General day-to-day maintenance and periodical maintenance. 
    • Battery 
    • Tire maintenance and tube vulcanizing 
    • Engine tune-up 
    • Checking wheel alignment 
    • Brake adjustment 
    • Accelerator, brake clutch-pedal adjustment
    • Fan belt adjustment 10 Observation of dash-board meters 
    • Lubrication 
    • Removal of airlock and oil block
    Session 21 – First Aid
    • Introduction to first-aid
    • Outline of first-aid 
    • Structure and function of the body 
    • Dressing and bandages 
    • The circulation of the blood
    • Wounds and haemorrhage
    • Haemorrhage from special regions
    • Shock 
    • Respiration. 
    • Injuries to bones
    • Burning scales 
    • Unconsciousness (insensibility)


    Day 4
    Session 22 – Heavy Vehicle Driving Practice

    • Demonstration of various instruments
    • Pre-Driving Checks
    • Beginning to drive
    • Rural road driving
    • Development of Judgement
    • Development of anticipation
    • Developing skill to drive in crowded streets

    All heavy vehicles drivers with minimum of 2 years of experience 

    • Describe the key rules and regulations for driving heavy vehicles within the oil field area in relation to the Transportation and Road Safety manual.
    • Describe and explain all traffic signs and road markings found in the country and especially those relating to the Heavy Goods Vehicle.
    • Perform vehicle daily and weekly maintenance checks and all safety inspections to ancillary equipment as per the vehicle type and usage, including the tire management system.
    • Understand the meaning of defensive driving and demonstrate the ability to drive defensively and show consideration towards other road users whilst driving a heavy vehicle.

    • Valid Heavy Vehicle Driving license
    • All Heavy Goods Vehicle Drivers with at least 2 years of experience


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