• Class and Course

    EP Process Engineering

    This course provide introduction to several surfaceproduction processes which include fluid characterization, fluid flow, crudeoil treatment, gas treatment and safeguarding. Several software will be used inthe exercises during the course

    • Pre-test
    • Petroleumfluid properties and phase behavior

    o  Chemistryof petroleum

    o  Petroleumreservoir fluids

    o  Plusfraction concept

    o  Phasebehavior and envelopes

    o  Crudeoil properties

    o  Methodsdetermining the properties

    • Use of software: Componentsselection, fluid characterization, fluid package and transport properties, andthermodynamic selection
    • Single phase:Liquid and Gas

    o  Equations

    o  Hydraulicanalysis

    o  Thermalanalysis

    o  Useof Pipesim

    • Multiphase flow

    o  Multiphaseflow fundamentals (flow regimes, pressure gradients, liquid holdup)

    o  Developmentof mechanistic models Discussion of the best models to use

    o  Discussionof the accuracy of the best models

    o  Discussionof the most difficult prediction areas

    o  Hydraulicanalysis

    o  Thermalanalysis

    • Use of Pipesim
    • Flow assurances

    o  Hydrate:Mechanism of formation and mitigation strategies

    o  Wax:Mechanism of formation and mitigation strategies

    o  Asphaltene:Mechanism of formation and mitigation strategies

    o  Useof Pipesim

    o  Scale: Mechanism of formation and mitigationstrategies. Use of Software to predict the scale formation

    • Gasliquid separation

    o  Classificationof oil separators

    o  Primaryfunctions of oil separators

    o  Secondaryfunctions of oil and gas separators

    o  Separationstages

    o  VLEand thermodynamic principles

    o  Methodsused to remove gas from oil in separators

    o  Twophase separators (Horizontal and vertical separator)

    o  Threephase separators (Horizontal and vertical separator)

    o  Separatorinternals

    o  Design

    o  Selection

    • Oildehydration and desalting

    o  Emulsion

    - Emulsionformation


    - Emulsiondestabilization

    o  Dehydration’

    Dehydration processesand equipment

    - Physical PlantEquipment (Basic PID Review of all included plants) 

    - Design andsizing calculations

    - Applications

    o  Instrumentation(Monitoring Key Variables)

    - Oil desaltingprinciples

    - Equipment andtechnology

    - DesaltingElectrostatic theory

    - Operation and designconsiderations

    - Instrumentation(Monitoring Key Variables)

    o  CrudeOil Stabilization and Sweetening

    - Vapor pressurefundamentals

    = Sour and sweetoil concepts

    Safety,operation and design considerations

    • Process configuration.Use of software
    •   Gas Processing and Gas conditioning (usingsoftware)

    o  Gasdehydration processes

    o  Gassweetening processes

    o  NGLextraction processes

    •   Compression and pumping (Use of software)

    o  Crudeoil pumping system

    §  Type of pumps

    §  Performancecurves

    §  Design andselection

    o  Gascompression

    §  Type ofcompressor

    §  Thermodynamic orCompression

    §  Estimation ofthe thermodynamic properties

    §  Flow diagram toprepare compression stages

    o  Simulationof pipelines

    •   Safeguardingsystem: Blowdown, relief valve

    o  Shutdownsystem

    o  Pressurerelieves

    - General

    - Depressurization

    - Relief andventing

    - Flaring

    - Cold Flare

      -Cold vent

    Surface Facilities Engineering, Surface Facilities Operation Engineer, Production Engineer
    • Petroleum fluid properties and phase behavior
    • Use of software: Components selection, fluid characterization, fluid package and transport properties, and thermodynamic selection
    • Single phase: Liquid and Gas
    • Multiphase flow
    • Flow assurances
    • Gas liquid separation
    • Oil dehydration and desalting
    • Gas Processing and Gas conditioning (using software)
    • Compression and pumping (Use of software)
    • Safeguarding system: Blowdown, relief valve

    Basic knowledge of the surface production facilities

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