• Class and Course

    NORM/TENORM Radiation Safety Officer

    • (The course will cover the basic technical and administrative aspects of radiation protection and safety when using Ionizing Radiation)
    • (Ionizing Radiation, Radioactivity, Radiation Detection, Radiation Shielding, Radiation Exposure, NORM and TENORM, and administrative requirements for radiation protection and safety)
    About the Course
    • (The course is recommended for those individuals who may be tasked with the NORM Control program within their company, such as safety and environmental personnel. The course provides the necessary knowledge and practical abilities required to implement and monitor a Radiation Protection Program and to provide on-site control and supervision during work activities involving NORM. Additionally, NORM Waste Management Programs, Respiratory Protection, and Regulatory Compliance issues are discussed in detail. A course of this nature is required for companies or individuals seeking a Specific Radioactive Material License from an issuing state agency. Participants should be familiar with operations performed in the drilling and workover, and operation facilities, their organizational infrastructure and working procedures, and their relevant regulatory requirements. 
    Participants who will benefit from this course should have: 
    • Have responsibility for organizing the training of personnel.
    • Have sufficient authority to perform the functions of an RPO. 
    • Be a central point of reference within a company for radiation protection matters related to NORM and TENORM Operations. 
    • Responsibility for carrying out or directly supervising contingency plans in the event of an accident or incident. 
    • Accountability for safety procedures concerning NORM waste management and the protection of the public in the vicinity of the facility.)
    Core Objectives
    • (The purpose of this program is to fully equip the participant with the knowledge of it the potential hazards of ionizing radiation while working in the NORM and TENORM-related activities in several industries i.e., Oil and Gas, Mining and Milling, and Petrochemicals and to guide them with the appropriate ways to protect all concerned. 
    The delegates will achieve the following objectives:
    • Radiation Physics and its inter-relationship with matter.
    • The basics of Radiation Safety, Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation, and Radiation Protection guides.
    • Full Awareness of the NORM Sources.
    • How to implement onsite radiation protection requirements against NORM and TENORM activities.
    • The principles of radiation detection and practical radiation protection techniques.
    • The different types of radiation hazards and the principles/benefits of risk assessments associated with NORM and TENORM Activities. The International and different National Regulatory Requirements Occupational exposure in NORM and TENORM activities.
    Training Approach
    •  (The training methodology is interactive with group exercises and is suitable for all employees involved in functions management. The pace and level of the training workshop are customized to the understanding of the delegates. Ongoing backup and support are available after the training on request to the supplier. The training course is also available for in-house presentation and “Competency Transfer”).
    Examples NORM and TENORM affected Industries:
    • Oil and Gas Production. 
    • Geothermal Energy. 
    • Mining and milling such as Phosphate and Uranium Activities.
    • Electricity Production. 
    • Recycling and Decommissioning. 
    • Other Processing and Manufacturing Industries.
    Daily Discussions
    • (A sequential daily topics discussion noting that the main topic must consist of a maximum of 10 words only and subtopics should be in a subject statement with a minimum of 5 subtopics and a maximum of 8 subtopics. Kindly do not include examples and case studies on the subtopics).

    • Introduction. 
    • Sources of NORM 
    • Radiation and Radiation Decay 
    • The Atom.
    • Radioactivity.
    • Radioactive Material.
    • Radionuclide.
    • Radioactive Half-Life.
    • NORM Radiation Types and Properties - Alpha Particles - Beta Particles - Gamma Rays.
    • Radioactive Decay Series.
    • NORM Sources in the Petroleum Industry.
    • NORM Radionuclides in the Petroleum Industry.
    • NORM Hazards.
    • Exploration and Production.
    • Production and Distribution.
    • Types of NORM Exposure - External VS. Internal Exposures - External Exposures - Internal Exposures.
    • Units of Radiation - Radioactivity - Radiation Dose Limits.
    • Health Risks from NORM Exposure.
    • NORM Radiation Warning Signs

    • Protection from External Exposure.
    • Time.
    • Distance.
    • Shielding
    •  Protection from Internal Exposure
    •  Engineering Controls
    • Administrative Controls 
    • NORM Surveys 
    • Development of NORM Safety Policies and Procedures
    • Use of NORM Warning Signs and Barricades
    • Training Programs
    • Safe Work Practices and Contamination Control Procedures
    • Safe Work Practices
    • Personal Hygiene
    • Worker Exposure Assessments/Personal Dosimeters 
    • Record-Keeping
    • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) 
    • Purpose of Personal Protective Equipment 
    • Proper Use of Personal Protective Equipment
    • Selection
    • Pre-Use Inspections for PPE 
    • Correct Use
    • Respiratory Protection
    • Protective Clothing
    • Radiation Monitoring Equipment
    • Post-Use Inspections Subtopic. 

    • Introduction
    • Types of NORM Contamination
    • Diffuse NORM Sources
    • Discrete NORM Sources
    • Frequency of NORM Surveys
    • NORM Screening Surveys
    • NORM Radiation Surveys
    • NORM Contamination Surveys
    • Selection of NORM Instruments
    • NORM Screening Surveys
    • Critical NORM Sources 
    • Radium226
    • Lead210
    • Radon Gas Progeny
    • Types of Detectors
    • Scintillation Detectors 
    • Pancake Detector 
    • Check Sources
    •  Use of NORM Detectors
    • NORM Sample Analysis
    • Collection of NORM Analysis.
    • Transportation of NORM Samples (Off-Site).

    • Introduction.
    • Control of External Radiation Exposure 
    • Ra226 and Ra228.
    • Pb210.
    • Control of Internal Exposures
    • Engineering Controls
    • Administrative Controls 
    • NORM Surveys and Record-Keeping 
    • NORM Safety Policies and Procedures
    •  Warning Signs and Barricades
    •  Training Programs –
    • Safe Work Practices and Contamination Control Procedures.

    • NORM Waste Categories
    • Physical Forms
    • The volume of NORM Waste (Diffuse VS. Discrete) 
    • Quantity of Radioactivity (Radioactivity Levels)
    • Co-Contaminants –
    • NORM Waste Management Program
    • Stage 1: Temporary NORM Storage (On-Site) - Occupational Radiation Exposure Controls
    • Stage 2: Interim NORM Storage
    • Stage 3: Permanent NORM Waste Disposal - Transport of Contaminated Waste and Equipment

    • Rig Managers.
    • Drilling and Workover Supervisors.
    • NORM Radiation Protection Officers.
    • NORM Radiation Protection Supervisors.
    • NORM Radiation Protection Technicians.
    • HSE Staff.
    • Radiation Personnel (people working or frequenting any portion of a restricted radiation area).

    • Part I: Scientific and technical aspects of radiation protection.
    • Chapter 1: Radioactivity and radioactive decay.
    • Chapter 2: Interaction of radiation with matter.
    • Chapter 3: Radiation detectors, survey meters, and monitors.
    • Chapter 4: Some radiation measurement techniques and statistical fluctuations.
    • Chapter 5: Dosimetry quantities and their units.
    • Chapter 6: Biological effects of radiation.
    • Chapter 7: Dose calculation.
    • Chapter 8: Radiation shielding.
    • Chapter 9: Practical Radiation Protection in Industrial Applications.
    • Part 2: Organizational aspects of radiation protection.
    • General framework and requirements for radiation protection.
    • Responsibilities of parties.
    • National (FANR) dose limits.
    • The Radiation Protection Program (RPP).
    • The safe transport of radioactive material.

    • Participants should be familiar with operations performed in the drilling and workover, and operation facilities, their organizational infrastructure, working procedures, and their relevant regulatory requirements.

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